The Electron

px2.png The end cap or cubic pyramid symmetry in fig 8 of Bk1 chap 2 for up and down symmetry can only be correct if symmetry breaking can be maintained in the expressions for the µ-pseudo neutrinos.

Internally (µnxx ex – µcxx ex) to extern pair of           (en and ec) positive charge. Or: Internally            (µcxx ex – µnxx ex) to extern pair of (ec and en) negative.

It means that the about that about Ne = 3.81 105 external (Bk1 chap 6) e-pseudo neutrinos are involved for a free electron of me rest mass. Then supposedly the two internal µ-pseudos of 0.5 me cannot have this rest mass. The exact energy of 0.5 me is only valid if no external mediation with e-pseudos is considered. Ne is normalized to with respect to c-velocity.

The above asymmetry in the expressions for the electron is given by the fine structure constant in which the ratio of 1/ 137.036 determines the virtual photon induction to maintain the electric charge at any moment of exchange with the external              e-pseudos. Since the symmetry breaking for up and down part has to be equal, both part contribute with Ne interactions to the unit electric charge. Meaning the net result of all internal accelerations is the sum of accelerations vector components of the e-pseudos contributing to the unit charge.

In conclusion the first order deviation of up and down contribution to the charge is {(1/ 137.036) Ne = 2783} interactions while the second order deviation involves at least (137.036)2 interactions to be shared over ec and en as external e-pseudo neutrinos. Make the supposition that the µc (down) in above expression can be an exact replica image expressed in ec-pseudos. So replacing uc by half of Ne pseudos of ec kind while the first order of 2783 interactions is used for electric charge generation shared over up and down in anti phase and of the nature of en kind(up). Consequently either one µn– or µc– pseudo determines the polarity of the electric charge. Since only one µ-kind of pseudo neutrino could be real in up and down symmetry in Newtonian space, this set up alternates.

Further since ½Ne /137.0362 = 10.26 it determines that the replica geometry repeats itself in the overall cycle while ½Ne/ 1442 = 9.2 nodes with respect to the 0.5me pseudo µ-cavity. The exchange of the first order group in e-pseudos should follow these nodes in which the phase deviates slightly from the 180o cycle for the up and down alternation. (144 is typical for zero mass of the e-pseudos at c velocity)

As could be guessed the restriction to virtual photon exchange is that the groups velocity of e-pseudos seems never to exceed the relativistic ratio of m/ mo = 144/ 137.036 = 1.050818 with β = 0.307217 c as maximum groups velocity due to accumulated mass energy of the e-pseudo strings, internally. To cast above model of lateral reasoning in a quantum mechanical calculation is complicated considering above geometry.

For the free proton similar lateral reasoning could be expected. Here the end cap symmetry in of Fig 6 Bk1 chap 2 for the 17th quark string expressed in 3τ-pseudo of 108/ 102.777 =1.050818 with τ = 34.259me , can be seen as a conjugated replica(down) in e-pseudos alternating with the end cap in τ (up) then distributing en and ec-pseudos for electric charge formation and counterbalancing the end cap geometry. For an educated guess {(108 – 102.777) = 5.223} Ne interactions with 4-pseudos are involved.

Note, the idea of the replica geometry is only a means to understand above. It has to be thrashed because in the following the concept of zero energy for e-pseudo neutrinos is made plausible. So the lower half in the fig above has to be real internally as a µ- pseudo geometry of 0.5 me .

Electron in A4           bl electron         

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