Matter and Anti matter

If  you look up the section about dark matter in Bk1, the diagram of the four not identical pseudo vector cells is shown. Two of these contain the same acceleration vector while the other two give the opposite direction of acceleration. These are the fundamental states for matter and anti matter. By the pairing condition and with respect to Maxwell’s law of electromagnetism the negative and positive charge are to be associated to either of the two the directions of opposing internal acceleration for the matters. So at least eight kinds of charge matters(spin and electric charge) could be expected of all the possible combinations. It could mean eight protons or eight electrons. Due to symmetry up and down of the two equilateral pyramids in one ensemble, Bk1 chap2, only four independent protons and four independent electrons are the result. The protons are built solely from paired τ-pseudo neutrino cells and the electrons from paired µ-pseudo neutrinos. Solely the protons and electrons display only one kind of pseudo cell internally. All other states of subatomic particles are dynamic mixtures of τ- and µ-pseudo cells internally, while externally the four independent e-kind of neutrino pseudo cells exchange. It is the condition of resonance exchange, directly from τ- to e or from µ- to e kind and these states exist only for the proton and electron. The other quark or leptons mostly exchange from τ- to µ- to e-kind under pairing condition as described in chap 2 Bk1. The internal pairing of a particle under end cap symmetry determines the 2nd or conjugated state of matter to the normal state, always in consideration of the four matters, two states of matter and two of anti matter states.

The other parameter of the pseudo vector cells is the component of spin vector of the cells following the above explanation of the eight possible combinations. Due to pairing internally in dynamic sense, up and down symmetry, equal spins are adding to opposing accelerations along the rotation axis for a particle maintaining the above eight options for matter including the anti matter state with the anti matter for the anti spin state. This is contrary to the quantum mechanical definition of spin. Here meant in the absolute sense because of the only two possible systems for the definition of coordinates in Newtonian 3D space given by above diagram. The reason for the quantum mechanical definition of spin the Fermi state expressed in spin and anti spin as in the relative sense because internally the momentum velocity never exceeds ½c effective due to internal acceleration between zero and ½√2 c in the cross over for the unit electric charge generation laid down by the condition of electric charge all in consideration of the rotational symmetries of the equilateral and cubic pyramid symmetry explained in chap 2 Bk1. So relatively a Fermi particle has two spin states due to ½c effective internally. It also means that the Fermi spin of a conjugated particle has two spin states etc etc.

Note, from above explanation it is clear that the resonances in 3D-contractions within a particle does not have to coincides with the induction contraction for electric charge most likely also explaining the existence of the anomalous magnetic moment in a particle.

All four states of the protons/ anti protons and the electrons/ positrons are subjected to internal acceleration in two absolute directions resulting in two opposing directions for gravity in the sense of generation coherent time quanta due to virtual labour not observable to us directly. Due to Newton’s law of action/ reaction for the mediating external four e-pseudo vector neutrinos cells, the radial gravity force/ acceleration is the result. It is the escape of the mediation cells from the neutral atom. Also the e-neutrino pseudo cells have tiny rest masses giving long distance quantum exchange options. However a more elaborate explanation can be the subject for another blog.

Blog ‘Matter and anti matter’ in A4 format                   bl m- anti m     

 

The Electron

px2.png The end cap or cubic pyramid symmetry in fig 8 of Bk1 chap 2 for up and down symmetry can only be correct if symmetry breaking can be maintained in the expressions for the µ-pseudo neutrinos.

Internally (µnxx ex – µcxx ex) to extern pair of           (en and ec) positive charge. Or: Internally            (µcxx ex – µnxx ex) to extern pair of (ec and en) negative.

It means that the about that about Ne = 3.81 105 external (Bk1 chap 6) e-pseudo neutrinos are involved for a free electron of me rest mass. Then supposedly the two internal µ-pseudos of 0.5 me cannot have this rest mass. The exact energy of 0.5 me is only valid if no external mediation with e-pseudos is considered. Ne is normalized to with respect to c-velocity.

The above asymmetry in the expressions for the electron is given by the fine structure constant in which the ratio of 1/ 137.036 determines the virtual photon induction to maintain the electric charge at any moment of exchange with the external              e-pseudos. Since the symmetry breaking for up and down part has to be equal, both part contribute with Ne interactions to the unit electric charge. Meaning the net result of all internal accelerations is the sum of accelerations vector components of the e-pseudos contributing to the unit charge.

In conclusion the first order deviation of up and down contribution to the charge is {(1/ 137.036) Ne = 2783} interactions while the second order deviation involves at least (137.036)2 interactions to be shared over ec and en as external e-pseudo neutrinos. Make the supposition that the µc (down) in above expression can be an exact replica image expressed in ec-pseudos. So replacing uc by half of Ne pseudos of ec kind while the first order of 2783 interactions is used for electric charge generation shared over up and down in anti phase and of the nature of en kind(up). Consequently either one µn– or µc– pseudo determines the polarity of the electric charge. Since only one µ-kind of pseudo neutrino could be real in up and down symmetry in Newtonian space, this set up alternates.

Further since ½Ne /137.0362 = 10.26 it determines that the replica geometry repeats itself in the overall cycle while ½Ne/ 1442 = 9.2 nodes with respect to the 0.5me pseudo µ-cavity. The exchange of the first order group in e-pseudos should follow these nodes in which the phase deviates slightly from the 180o cycle for the up and down alternation. (144 is typical for zero mass of the e-pseudos at c velocity)

As could be guessed the restriction to virtual photon exchange is that the groups velocity of e-pseudos seems never to exceed the relativistic ratio of m/ mo = 144/ 137.036 = 1.050818 with β = 0.307217 c as maximum groups velocity due to accumulated mass energy of the e-pseudo strings, internally. To cast above model of lateral reasoning in a quantum mechanical calculation is complicated considering above geometry.

For the free proton similar lateral reasoning could be expected. Here the end cap symmetry in of Fig 6 Bk1 chap 2 for the 17th quark string expressed in 3τ-pseudo of 108/ 102.777 =1.050818 with τ = 34.259me , can be seen as a conjugated replica(down) in e-pseudos alternating with the end cap in τ (up) then distributing en and ec-pseudos for electric charge formation and counterbalancing the end cap geometry. For an educated guess {(108 – 102.777) = 5.223} Ne interactions with 4-pseudos are involved.

Note, the idea of the replica geometry is only a means to understand above. It has to be thrashed because in the following the concept of zero energy for e-pseudo neutrinos is made plausible. So the lower half in the fig above has to be real internally as a µ- pseudo geometry of 0.5 me .

Electron in A4           bl electron         

The magnificent tale of the indestructible weak dark matter

For those who are too impatient to spend time on the knitty gritty of physics follows an incredible explanation for the exchange of weak dark matter between atoms and electrons. Weak dark matter is a mediating medium of pseudo vector e-neutrinos independent of electromagnetic photons but mediating between electric charged matter such as atoms or electrons.

The fun begins some hundred years ago that we could distinguish between atoms and electrons, not only the properties of their electric charges but also the rest masses of these were known accurately. Namely the rest mass of the proton in the hydrogen is 1836.153 me with rest mass of the electron me as the unit mass, where the assumption of the unit rest mass is recently made and belongs to the pseudo vector neutrino theory. All rest masses of the particles have to be related to the electron mass for this theory.

For the mediating weak dark matter the atoms and electrons are resonance c-cavities only adapted to the light velocity of c. In the c-cavity internally the virtual photons are enclosed to generate the electric charge, a zero contraction point related to c and therefore determining a zero time moment for the resonance cavity. Keeping this in mind we have not to bother how the internal photon exchange happens and concentrate on the actual weak exchange between c-cavity of atom or electron for the pseudo vector e-neutrinos which are in a state of zero energy as perpetual mobile because the medium is restless. No zero velocity for a pseudo vector cell is possible. Only clusters or string groups know a very short time of zero velocity moments.

Now at least for the H-atom, proton and electron the resonance cavity is integer based. So electron:   1 /144 me and 1 /137.036 me the fine structure constant for the weak mediation giving a ratio of 144 /137.036 = 1.050818 which is the relativistic ratio of m/mo for the mediating cluster of 0.3072167c.

For the proton is valid 1836.153 /1728 = 1.062588 for m/mo giving a cluster velocity of 0.3381324c. Where 1728 is internal conserved quark cavity valid for almost all barons except some of the mesons. However 1836.153 /1836 is also a ratio for the c-cavity giving a fraction of rest mass energy of 0.153me .

The whole point is to find out if the ratios 1.050818 and 1.062588 are zero energy states of the weak medium one bound to the electron and the other to the proton. So one has to unravel the zero state of this weak exchange around the c-cavities. The statement for the zero rest state of random organized pseudo vector e-neutrinos is a constant or a ratio with respect to the rest mass of the electron. Finding this ratio is knitty gritty knowledge and so why bother and just state that Ne is the number of 3.813364 105 pseudo cells defined as a pair of e-neutrinos having a rest energy of 1.34 eV opposing each other and an effective velocity of ½c or half the light velocity. For fundamental theoretical reasons the mediating medium can only reach a maximum of ½√2c in exchange to a c-cavity of resonance and therefore the average speed of ½c effective is the random zero energy far away from any c-cavity.

We see that the cluster velocities of 0.30727c and 0.33813c are below ½c effective and are now able the find at how many pairs a cluster of some velocity can consist.

Electron doublets: 0.050818 Ne     of     0.30727c Proton triplets: 0.062588 Ne                  0.33813c Proton doublets: 0.153 Ne                      0.30727c

With m/mo = 1.154700 for 0.5c effective and              1 me = 5.11 106 eV                                                1.154700 /1.050818 = 1.098858 cluster energy of 1.2195 eV for doublets.                                                      1.154700 /1.062588 = 1.086686 1.34 /1.086686 = 1.2331 eV for triplets.                                                    The energy of the clusters are below 1.34 eV due to the bonding exchange to the c-cavities. Note the triplets are expressed as doublets but to be converted into triplets but it is not relevant for the explanation here.

What comes out of the calculations of the proof for the indestructible zero pseudo ‘vacuum’ is that the electron due to its internal up/down symmetry generates simultaneous pairs of doublets of pseudo vector cells that are expelled with ½√2c and decay around the Compton length of (10-12 /c) sec into two individual cells of 1.34 eV, the zero state. This cycle of resonance goes on and on. Two cell of ½ c effective ½c compromise a normalized c-state.

Compare the different ratios for the doublets and triplets: 0.153 /0.050818 = 3.010744 doublets and       0.153 /0. 062588 = 2.4456 triplets both expressed in     1.34 eV. With √2.4456 = 1.56381 or 1.56381 x 2 for angular momentum conservation and compared to the ratio of 3.01 giving a deviation of 4%. Then about half of the overall cluster of 0.153 is converted in steady state of triplets and vice versa, a perpetual cycle. What is missing is the statement that triplet clusters are far more stable than the doublets. A further supposition is that only doublets contribute to the formation of electric charge for a particle, proton or atom.

To prove the decay of the clusters of triplet pseudo e-neutrinos one has to look at the neutron. The neutron has random decay of clusters due to random cluster velocities in the decay product to the formation of the electron reflected from the massive proton. Consequently which is the spin off for these calculations one can show the µ-neutrino as c-cavity is composed of pseudo e-neutrino triplets as cluster decaying about 6.72 times slower than the e-neutrino clusters decays for the neutron, 11.3 minutes decay. The τ-neutrino as a c-cavity, moving with the light velocity is also composed of clusters of pseudo e-triplets generating two alternating clusters internally without decay and therefore perpetual stable. Again the τ-neutrino has an internal reference frame maintaining the resonance internally only to be destroyed in collision with matter, planetary or solar densities.

The definition of a cluster at one velocity is the random distribution of the individual doublets or triplets around the c-cavity. These cannot strictly alined or localized as bunches, etc.

Magnificient in A4 format                                               

magnificent tale

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